Diabetes Mellitus:-

377

➡️Diabetes mellitus has affected our half of the population of today’s generation. Nowadays it is most common chronic condition assosiated with abnormally high level of sugar in the blood. It is also called “Madhumeh ” in hindi.

◾History :-

The term diabetes was probably coined by Apollonius of Memphis around 250 BC. Diabetes mellitus was first detected due sweet taste of urine and it was proven when ant gathered around urine due to its sweet taste.

◾How does it occurs ?

The hormone insulin that is made by pancreas which helps move sugar from the blood to the cell where cells stored it and use it as energy whenever we do any physical or metabolic activities. But in case of diabetes mellitus our body is unable to make enough insulin and untreated blood sugar move to the urine and increases sugar level in blood cells.

◾Categories :-

There are mainly 2 types of diabetes :

▪️Type I diabetes – It occurs when your immune system (the body’s system for fighting infections) attack and destroy the beta cells of pancreas. However how it occurs is still unknown and scientists are still working on it but some research has shown it occurs by genes and environmental factors.

▪️Type II – It causes when our body is resistant to insulin. It is most commonest type of diabetes mellitus. Heridietry cause also lies under this in which muscle, liver, and fat cells do not use insulin properly hence leading to rise in blood glucose level.

◾General symptoms :-
⚫Increased hunger
⚫Increased thirst
⚫Weight loss
⚫Frequent urination
⚫Blurry vision
⚫Extreme fatigue
⚫Sores that doesn’t heal quickly because of affected clotting, and
⚫Tiredness.

◾Treatment :-

1)By using glucometer, finger prick test for measuring glucose level in the blood i.e. Fasting – less than 100 mg/dL is normal, 100 -125 mg/dL is border line of condition but when glucose level is between 126 mg/dL or higher you have diabetes.

2)Oral glucose tolerance test – It is measured after having meal or liquid sugary drink test periodically. If sugar level is less than 140 mg/dL, it is normal and reading between 140 -199 mg/dL indicates pre-diabetes.

◾Diabetes can be controlled:-

⚫by maintaining balance diet
⚫by doing physical work and regular exercises,
⚫adding food that are rich in protein, vitamins and minerals
⚫avoiding oily food or junk food and also those kind of food that contains starch like potato or rice.

Note :- Diabetic people should not focus on their taste buds or food which gives pleasure, instead of that eat food that is good for your body and maintain toxic free hurdle and that’s the most challengable things now a days for younger generation to overcome this.