Both children and adults are affected by speech language pathology. Here are some conditions mentioned below to better understand:-
a) Children :-
Infants with injuries due to complications at birth, feeding and swallowing difficulties, including dysphagia
Children with mild, moderate or severe:
Genetic disorders that adversely affect speech, language and/or cognitive development including cleft palate, Down syndrome, DiGeorge syndrome.
▪️Head injury (Traumatic brain injury).
▪️Hearing loss and impairments.
▪️Learning difficulties including.
▪️Specific language impairment (SLI).
▪️Auditory processing disorder.
▪️Speech disorders (such as oral dyspraxia).
▪️Stammering, stuttering (disfluency).
▪️Voice disorders (dysphonia).
▪️Motor speech disorders (dysarthria or developmental verbal dyspraxia).
▪️Naming difficulties (anomia).
▪️Cognitive communication disorders.
▪️Oncology (ear, nose or throat cancer).
b) Adults :-
Adults with mild, moderate, or severe eating, feeding and swallowing difficulties, including dysphagia.
Adults with mild, moderate, or severe language difficulties as a result of:
▪️Motor neuron diseases.
▪️Traumatic brain injury.
▪️Mental health issues.
▪️Progressive neurological conditions such as cancer of the head, neck and throat (including laryngectomy).
▪️Adults seeking transgender-specific voice training, including voice feminization and voice masculinization.